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Breeding Aim - The Universalbreed

There are two different focuses in Fleckvieh-breeding, meaning they can be selected for the universal breed with an emphasis on beef and milk or a strong focus on beef cattle. Each type has its own breeding aims.


Fleckvieh - The Universalbreed

Fleckvieh a cattle breed, which is strong in fitness and milk yield. The ideal Fleckvieh cow in milk shows a strong forehand and maintains sufficient muscles on the back and the hindlegs to keep stability and health even during peak lactation. The body proportions are harmonious standing still as well as in motion. Fleckvieh cattle are characterised by their sound feet and legs. Adult Fleckvieh cows reach a height at cross of 140 - 150cm and a chest girth of 210 - 240cm with a life weight of 650 to 850kg. The udder is firmly attached and has an udder depth which remains above the hocks even after several lactations.

Milk production:

Depending on management, natural conditions and feeding intensity herd performances of 7.000kg of milk with 4,2% fat and 3,7% protein are equally achievable as performance levels of more than 10.000kg of milk. The annual milk production increases up to the 5th lactation.

A significant trait of the breed is its top rank with regards to udder health with an average somatic cell count of less than 180.000 across all lactations.

Beef production:

The fast growing male calves are excellently suited for successful cattle fattening and provide dairy farmers with an important supplementary income stream.

Under intensive fattening conditions young bulls reach daily gains of more than 1.300g with a slaughter age of 16 to 18 months. 85% to 90% of the bull carcasses are classified into the European grade E and U, demanded by the market, with a dressing percentage of 57% to 60%.

Culling cows reach a slaughter weight of 350 kg to 450kg. The highly demanded carcasses are primarily ranked as European grades U and R and have a medium fat content and optimum marbling.

Breeding aim:

The breeding aim is defined by the economical total merit index (TMI). The milk, beef and fitness traits are well balanced. All individual traits are weighted according to their economical importance on farm basis.

The aim is to improve yield and animal fitness and health whilst maintaining meat production and to increase lifetime performance. The objective is a high functional longevity with an average lifetime production of 30.000kg.


Growth performance of breeding young stock:
Daily weight gain of female weaners: at least 1.200g
Daily weight gain of young breeding bulls: at least 1.400g


Body size and live weights:
Weight of an adult cow: 600 - 800kg
Height at cross of an adult cow: 138 - 150cm
Weight of an adult bull: 1.100 - 1.300kg
Height at cross of an adult bull: 150 - 165cm
Birth weight: female 39kg, male 43kg


Further traits:

Age at first calving: 24 - 28 months
Intercalving period: 365 days
EUROP grade: young bulls E and U > 80%
Beef quality: tender, well marbled beef
Polled status: Until 2020 more than 90% of the calves should be naturally polled

Colour description:

The basic colours of the breed are light to dark yellow and red to dark red on white ground. The distribution of colours may be spotted, speckled or most of the body solid coloured. An important trademark of the breed ist the dominant white head with a broad muzzle. Eye spectacles or eyelid pigmentations occur frequently. Belly, feet and tail are white, too.

In long-term we aim for a yellow to dark red solid coloured cattle with good eye-pigment.